Prof Emer. Dov Zohar

Behavioral Science and Management


Dov Zohar received his PhD in Industrial-Organizational Psychology at the University of Maryland in 1975. Since then he has been at the Faculty of IE & Management at the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, where he is now a Full Professor. Dov Zohar published the original paper on Safety Climate in 1980, which defined the concept and offered a measurement scale whose original and newer versions have become the standard in this field. Since then, Dov has conducted numerous research and consulting projects in countries around the globe. His recent work focuses on development of a conceptual model linking organizational culture and climate; testing the incremental effect of industry-specific safety climate scales; new strategies for safety leadership and safety climate improvement; and the effect of sustainability policy-practice gaps (de-coupling) on relevant organizational performance such as employee safety & health, diversity & inclusion, or justice & ethics.

Dov’s work has won the Human Factors & Ergonomics Awards for the Outstanding Scientific Contribution in 1981 and 1982; APA/CDC Best Safety Intervention Awards in 2003 and 2013; and the American Psychological Association Lifetime Achievement Award in 2008. He was also elected as Fellow of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology.

Visiting positions held include: Research Associate at the Tavistock Institute (London), Institute for Work and Health (Toronto), Research Institute for Safety (Boston), National Research Center for the Working Environment (Denmark), and Visiting Professorships at the University of Maryland, University of Calgary, University of Nebraska, University of Washington, and University of Southern California.

Selected Publications

Zohar, D., “A Group-level Model of Safety Climate: Testing the Effect of Group Climate on Micro-accidents in Manufacturing Jobs”, Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 587-596, 2000.

Zohar, D., “Modifying Supervisory Practices to Improve Sub-unit Safety: A Leadership-based Intervention Model”, Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 156-163, 2002.

Zohar, D., “The Effects of Leadership Dimensions, Safety Climate, and Assigned Priorities on Minor Injuries in Work Groups”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 75-92, 2002.

Zohar, D. & Luria, G., “Safety Climate, Teamwork, and Leadership:  Three Factors of Combat Readiness in Field Units”, IDF Maarachot (Hebrew), 382, 64-71, 2002.

Zohar, D. & Luria, G., “Organizational Meta-Scripts as a Source of High-Reliability: The Case of an Army Armored Brigade”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 837-859, 2003.

Zohar, D. & Luria, G., "The Use of Supervisory Practices as Leverage to Improve Safety Behavior: A Cross-level Intervention Model”, Journal of Safety Research, 34, 567-577, 2003.

Zohar, D. & Luria, G., "Climate as a Social-cognitive Construction of Supervisory Safety Practices: Scripts as Proxy of Behavior Patterns”, Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 322-333, 2004.

Zohar, D. & Luria, G., "A Multilevel Model of Safety Climate: Cross-level Relationships between Organization and Group-level Climates”, Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 616-628, 2005.

Zohar, D. & Erev, I., “On the Difficulty of Promoting Workers' Safety Behavior: Overcoming the Underweighting of Routine Risks”, International Journal of Risk Assessment & Management, 7, 122-136, 2007.

Zohar, D., Livne, Y., Tenne, O., Admi, H, & Donchin, Y., “Nursing Climate Scale: A Tool for Measuring and Improving Safety”, Critical Care Medicine, 35, 1312-1317, 2007.

Zohar, D., “Safety Climate and Beyond: A Multi-level Multi-climate Framework”, Safety Science, 46, 376-387, 2008.

Luria, G., Zohar, D., & Erev, I., “The Effect of Visibility on Effectiveness of Supervisory-based Interventions”, Journal of Safety Research, 39, 273-280, 2008.

Zohar, D. & Tenne-Gazit, O., "Transformational Leadership and Group Interaction as Climate Antecedents: A Social Network Analysis", Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 744-757, 2008.

Zohar, D., "Thirty Years of Safety Climate Research: Reflections and Future Directions", Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42, 1517-1522, 2010.

Zohar, D. & Luria, G., "Group Leaders as Gatekeepers: Testing Safety Climate Variations across Levels of Analysis”, Applied Psychology, 59, 647-673, 2010.

Huang, Y., Zohar, D., Robertson, M., Garabet, A., Lee, J. & Murphy, L. Development and Validation of Safety Climate Scales for Lone Workers using Truck Drivers as Exemplar. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior, 17, 5-19, 2013.

Zohar, D., & Polachek, T. “Discourse-based Intervention for Modifying Supervisory Communication as Leverage for Safety Climate and Performance Improvement: A Randomized Field Study”. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99, 113-124, 2014.

Zohar, D., Huang, Y.H., Robertson, M., & Lee, J. “A Mediation Model Linking Dispatcher Leadership and Work Ownership with Safety Climate as Predictors of Truck Driver Safety Performance”. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 62, 17-25, 2014.

Selected Book Chapters:

Zohar, D., “Work Safety”. In: C. Spielberger (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology (Vol. 3). San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2004, pp. 719-724.

Zohar, D. & Livne, Y., “Nursing Safety Climate: A Model and Measurement Scale”. In: Y. Donchin & D. Gopher (Eds.), Around the Patient Bed: Human Factors and Safety in Health Care. Oxford: Taylor & Francis, 2013, pp. 241-262.

Zohar, D., “Safety Climate:  Conceptual and Measurement Issues”.   In:  J. Quick & L. Tetrick (Eds.), Handbook of Organizational Health Psychology (2nd Ed.).  Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 2011, pp. 141-164.

Zohar, D. & Hofmann, D., "Organizational Culture and Climate". In: S. Kozlowski (Ed.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 643-666.

Zohar, D., “Safety Climate”. In: B. Schneider & K. Barbera (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 317-334.


Development of new intervention strategies based on modification of managerial practices as leverage for improving organizational climates for (worker & patient) safety, creativity/innovation, and workforce diversity/inclusion
Social network characteristics among workgroup members as factors affecting the strength of safety climate and safety outcomes in high-risk occupations
Development of multi-level, industry-specific organizational climate scales for (worker & patient) safety, creativity, ethics, and diversity
Measurement and modification of policy-practice gaps (de-coupling) affecting organizational sustainability (e.g. socially desirable climates for safety, diversity, or ethics)

Contact Info

Room 410 Bloomfield Building