Everyday courage in organizations: Beyond moral courage
Courage lies at the heart of other virtues, and as such should be relevant for many behaviors in individuals’ lives. Yet the organizational literature on courage has singularly focused on moral courage. Specifically, in the management and leadership literatures there is an overwhelming focus on the role of courage in directing moral and ethical behavior in organizations and coping in situations in which these values are challenged. While this issue is of great importance, it appears to capture only one aspect of a broader construct, thereby excluding other potentially important and prevalent courageous behaviors that are likely to be meaningful for individuals’ behavior in organizations. I propose a broader definition of courage as the pursuit of meaningful outcomes despite significant perceived risks, which includes unexplored behaviors in the personal, relational and organizational domains. In my talk I will examine everyday courageous behavior in organizations, proposing a comprehensive theory of courageous behavior, explore the factors affecting courageous behavior and its outcomes based on experimental and field data.