Judgments of Solvability in non-verbal problems: The association between initial judgment of solvability and time investment
Meta-reasoning refers to the processes by which people monitor problem-solving activities and regulate effort investment. Solving is hypothesized to begin with an initial Judgment of Solvability (iJOS)—the solver's first impression as to whether or not the problem is solvable, which guides solving attempts. Meta-reasoning research has largely neglected non-verbal problems. In this study, we used Raven’s matrices to examine iJOS in non-verbal problems and its predictive value for effort investment, final Judgment of Solvability (fJOS), and confidence in the final answer. This study addresses a gap in meta-reasoning research by highlighting the predictive value of iJOS for the following solving processes. The study also provides many future research directions for meta-reasoning in general and non-verbal problems in particular.